Dr. Peter Drucker, a graduate of Yale (BA magna cum laude in history, 1979) and Columbia (PhD in political science, 1994) Universities, was IIRE Co-Director from 1993 to 2006. Since leaving the IIRE staff he has continued his close association with the institute as a Fellow. He teaches at the great majority of IIRE sessions, uses the institute as a base for his research, and continues to help shape its curriculum as an active member of its committee on education.


Over the years Peter has taught at the IIRE in a wide range of fields, recently with two main focuses. He teaches at virtually every IIRE Youth School on US and European imperialism and the geopolitical role of emerging powers, with a particular concentration on upheavals in the Middle East. For this topic he draws on his own activist experience, notably his work as programme co-ordinator in New York for National Mobilization for Survival (1989-92).
At IIRE sessions for more advanced students he focuses on intersections between sexuality, class and national/ethnic/religious/'racial' identities, with a concentration on interactions between Europe and the Islamic world. This was his focus for example at the 2015 IIRE Women's Seminar, where he was the only male guest lecturer. It has also been one of his topics at the IIRE LGBTIQ Strategy Seminars, which he conceived and coordinated as IIRE Co-Director in 1998, 2000 and 2002 and co-organized in 2009 and 2014.


Peter has emerged in the 21st century as a leading Marxist scholar in queer studies. His special contributions concern the roots of 'homonormativity' in neoliberalism, the impact of neoliberal globalization on same-sex sexualities in dependent countries, and links between queer and anti-capitalist resistance. He is also working on a series of studies on gender and sexual dimensions of Islamophobia, in both Europe and the Middle East. Finally, he continues his long-term work on the history of US and European socialism, connecting it to the left's record on feminist and LGBTIQ issues.


2015 'Gay normality and queer transformation' (in Zapruder World: International Journal for the History of Social Conflict, vol. 2) http://zapruderworld.org/content/peter-drucker-gay-normality-and-queer-transformation
2015 Warped: Gay Normality and Queer Anti-Capitalism (Leiden/Chicago: Brill/Historical Materialism) (see http://www.brill.com/products/book/warped ; available online from the IIRE: http://www.iire.org/component/jshopping/product/view/2/67.html)
'[I]n engaging prose, with insightful readings of theorists and activists across many movements and continents, [Warped] attempts a new synthesis ... one of the most ambitious new books ... about the [LGBTQ] movement.' - Urvashi Vaid
2014 'Conceptions of sexual freedom in Marcuse, Foucault and Rubin' (in Journal of the International Network of Sexual Ethics and Politics (INSEP) vol. 2, no. 2) http://www.europe-solidaire.org/spip.php?article35687
2007 'Marxism' (in Routledge International Encyclopedia of Men and Masculinities, London: Routledge)
2004 'Introducción: redefinición de las identidades sexuales' (in Peter Drucker ed., Arco Iris Diferentes - Spanish translation of Different Rainbows - Mexico City: Siglo XXI Editores)
2004 '"More freedom" or "more harmony"?: Henriette Roland Holst, Jacques Engels and the influence of class and gender on socialists' sexual attitudes' (in Jesse Battan et al. eds., Meetings & Alcoves, Dijon: Editions Universitaires) http://www.iisg.nl/womhist/drucker.pdf
2000 'Introduction: remapping sexualities' and 'Reinventing liberation' (in Peter Drucker ed., Different Rainbows, London: GMP) http://www.europe-solidaire.org/spip.php?article4879
'[A] unique, long-needed, and immensely valuable book ... brilliantly bound together by [its] editor. [Its] significance cannot be overstated.' - Martin Duberman
1994 Max Shachtman and His Left: A Socialist's Odyssey through the 'American Century' (Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press)
'Well written, well argued, and a major contribution to the history of Marxism and socialism in the U.S.' - Michael Löwy

Advocacy/public scholarship

'Same-sex marriage: an ambiguous victory' (New Politics, July 2015) http://newpol.org/content/same-sex-marriage-ambiguous-victory
'Ireland's victory for marriage equality' (Public Seminar, July 2015) http://www.publicseminar.org/2015/07/irelands-victory-for-marriage-equality-continued/#.Vemeec4Ua3c
Plenary speaker on 'Decolonizing our bodies', ILGA World Conference, Mexico City (October 2014) http://www.europe-solidaire.org/spip.php?article33426)
Lecturer (video at https://vimeo.com/55055160) and Member, Comité de parrainage, 'Marx au XXIe siècle', Université de Paris I (Sorbonne)
'Cosa insegnano i Paesi Bassi al movimento LGBIT' ('What the Netherlands has to teach the LGBTI movement' (Italy), interview by Mauro Muscio, Feb. 2014) http://www.communianet.org/gender/cosa-insegnano-i-paesi-bassi-al-movimento-lgbit-parte-i-dalla-conquista-dei-diritti
'Ir a uma sauna é uma liberdade limitada' ('Going to the bathhouse is a limited kind of freedom' (Portugal), interview by Bruno Horta, Time Out Lisboa, Feb. 2013) http://timeout.sapo.pt/artigo.aspx?id=2885
April/June 2007 'Entwicklungspolitik andersrum: Vom kampf der Lesben, Schwulen, Bisexuellen und Transgender um soziale Rechten' ('Alternative development policy: on the LGBT struggle for social rights' (Germany), in Hinterland, no. 4)
'"Buiten de orde": homo-emancipatie en islamophobie' ('Lesbian/gay emancipation and fear of Islam' (Netherlands), in Grenzeloos, no. 84, Nov./Dec. 2005) http://www.grenzeloos.org/content/'buiten-de-orde'
'For en kritisk dialog' ('For a critical dialogue [between queer theory and Marxism]' (Denmark), in Socialistisk Information, no. 197, May 2005)
'Rechten voor holebi's: een identiteit voor het neoliberaal Europa?' ('Lesbian/gay rights: an identity for neoliberal Europe?' (Netherlands), in De Internationale, no. 78, Fall 2001) http://www.grenzeloos.org/content/rechten-voor-holebis-een-identiteit-voor-het-neoliberaal-europa
'"Gay marriage?"' (editor and co-author of survey of European same-sex marriage legislation and debates in International Viewpoint, no. 308, Feb. 1999)


Historian Jan Willem Stutje has published on the Dutch and international workers movement. Stutje has written the biography of the Dutch communist Paul de Groot (Paul de Groot, De man die de weg wees). His biography of Ernest Mandel (Ernest Mandel, Rebel tussen droom en daad) was translated into German and English. In May 2012 he published the biography of Dutch socialist pioneer Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis.

Esther Vivas (Sabadell, 1975) is an activist in a variety of social movements in Barcelona. She has participated in antiglobalization campaigns, campaigns against external debt, in favour of food sovereignty and critical consumption, against climate change, and in various editions of the World Social Forum and the European Social Forum. She belongs to the editorial board of the magazine Viento Sur.

She is a member of the Centre of Studies about Social Movements (CEMS) at Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Her main research areas are the analysis of the social and environmental impacts of the dominant agro-industrial model, the alternatives to this model, as well as the study of social movements.

She is the author of En pie contra la deuda externa (“Standing up against external debt”) (El Viejo Topo, 2008), co-author, with Josep Maria Antentas, of Resistencias Globales . De Seattle a la crisis de Wall Street (“Global resistances. From Seattle to the Wall Street crisis”) (Ed. Popular, 2009), and co-author, with Xavier Montagut, of De el campo al plato. Los circuitos de producción y distribución de alimentos (“From the fields to the plate. Food production and distribution circuits”)(Icaria ed., 2009), Supermercados, no gracias. Grandes cadenas de distribución: impactos y alternativas (“Supermarkets, no thanks. Large distribution chains: impacts and alternatives”) (Icaria ed., 2007) and ¿Adónde va el comercio justo? (“Where is fair trade going?”) (Icaria ed., 2006).

She blogs at http://esthervivas.com.

Sara holds degrees from the University of Rome, “La Sapienza”. Sara previously taught sociology at the University of Amsterdam, University of Brunel and King’s College. She has also been a member scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study, School of Social Science, in Princeton (2012/2013), Research Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies, Cluster of Excellence in Konstanz (2011) and at the Jan van Eyck Academy in Maastricht (2009-2010).

She is International Book Review Editor for Critical Sociology and Corresponding Editor for Historical Materialism.

cinziaCinzia Arruzza is Assistant Professor in Philosophy at the New School for Social Research in New York and was appointed an IIRE Fellow in 2011. She is author of the IIRE Notebook for Study and Research, The dangerous relationships, Marriage and divorces between Marxism and feminism. Originally written in Italian this book has already been translated into Spanish and Portuguese. German and Turkish translations are underway and an English edition is planned for publication by the IIRE at the end of 2011. 

Arruzza hosted a gender panel at the 2011 Left Forum to discuss the overcoming of an approach based on the establishment of a hierarchy of priorities between oppressions.

Dr Arruzza is author of numerous articles and a book, Les Mésaventures de la théodicée. Plotin, Origène et Grégoire de Nysse. She is also editor of Pensare con Marx, ripensare Marx. Teorie per il nostro tempo and of “Cosa vogliamo? Vogliamo tutto”. Il Sessantotto quarant’anni dopo.



Michel Husson (born 1949) is a French economist specialised in econometrics. Husson is a member of the body of administrators of the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies. He is equally a member of the Copernic Foundation and of ATTAC's scientific board.

Selected Publications:

  • Travail flexible, salariés jetables, La Découverte, 2006.
  • Supprimer les licenciements, Syllepse, 2006.
  • Les casseurs de l’État social, La Découverte, 2003.
  • Le grand bluff capitaliste, La Dispute, 2001.
  • Six milliards sur la planète : sommes-nous trop ?, Textuel, 2000.
  • Les ajustements de l’emploi, Page deux, 1999.
Braulio Moro is a Mexican economist currently living and working in France.

Livio Maitan (Venice, April 1, 1923—September 16, 2004), scholar, activist and organic intelectual.

He graduated in Classics (lettere classiche) from the University of Padua, and became politically active during the years of the Nazi occupation of Italy, and was subsequently a leading member of the Italian Socialist Youth.

His generation were the cadres who continued as revolutionary Marxists through the post-World War II years, and who were gradually able to connect their vision with the young activists in the mid- and late 1960s. Maitan was actively involved in the large-scale student movement in Italy between 1969 and 1976

In the 1970s he lectured on the economy of underdevelopment in the School of Sociology at the University of Rome. He translated and introduced almost all the Italian editions of Leon Trotsky’s writings.

 A football fanatic, he played weekly until into his seventies. To his death he continued as a fellow of the IIRE. We collaborate with the Livio Maitan Study Centre in Italy, their website can be seen here.


Ernest Ezra Mandel, also known by various pseudonyms such as Ernest Germain, Pierre Gousset, Henri Vallin, Walter etc. (b. Frankfurt April 5, 1923 - d. Brussels July 20, 1995), became known as economist, activist and humanist through his important contributions to contemprorary marxist economy and his active participation in a decade of struggles.

In 1982 Ernest Mandel was a central person in the founding of this institute and became its first chairman. He contributed invaluable lectures and studies during his time as chairman and fellow. Besides giving lectures Ernest Mandel have also wirtten two Notebooks for Study and Research (see below). After his death, the institute established the Ernest Mandel Study Centre in his honour.


Until the publication of his massive book Marxist Economic Theory in French in 1962, Mandel's Marxist articles were written mainly under a variety of pseudonyms. He resumed his university studies (cut short by the german occupation of Belgium) and graduated from what is now the École Pratique des Hautes Études in Paris in 1967. Only from 1968 did Mandel become wellknown as public figure and Marxist politician, touring student campuses in Europe and America giving talks on socialism, imperialism and revolution. 

Although officially barred from West Germany (and several other countries at various times, including the United States, France, Switzerland, and Australia), he gained a PhD from the Free University of Berlin in 1972 (where he taught some months), published as Late Capitalism, and he subsequently gained a lecturer position at the Free University of Brussels. In 1978 he delivered the Alfred Marshall Lectures at the University of Cambridge, on the topic of the long waves of capitalist development.

In total, he published approximately 2,000 articles and around 30 books during his life, which were translated into many languages. In addition, he also edited or contributed to many books, maintained a voluminous correspondence, and went on speaking engagements worldwide. He considered it his mission to transmit the heritage of classical Marxist thought, deformed by the experience of Stalinism and the Cold War, to a new generation. And to a large extent he did influence a generation of scholars and activists in their understanding of important Marxist concepts.


His life and work are the specific study of our partnershiporganization The Ernest Mandel Foundation, who are digitalizing severeal articles, books and pamphlets by Mandel, their website can be found here.

Independent researcher/publicist
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